Nonviolent Communication (NVC) is a communication technique developed by psychologist Marshall Rosenberg in the 1960s. The purpose of NVC is to create a way for people to communicate more effectively and compassionately with one another.
The foundation of NVC is based on the belief that all human beings have the capacity for compassion and that violent or harmful behavior is a result of unmet needs. Therefore, NVC seeks to identify and express feelings and needs in a non-judgmental way, with the goal of fostering empathy and understanding between individuals.
The NVC framework consists of four components: observations, feelings, needs, and requests. Observations refer to objective, factual descriptions of what is happening, without interpretation or evaluation. Feelings refer to the emotions that arise from the situation. Needs refer to the underlying values or desires that are driving the feelings. Requests refer to specific, positive actions that can help meet the needs.
In practice, NVC involves actively listening to the other person's observations, feelings, and needs, and expressing one's own observations, feelings, and needs in a clear and respectful way. The goal is to create a safe and supportive space for communication, where both parties can feel heard and understood.
Overall, NVC is a powerful tool for improving communication, resolving conflicts, and fostering empathy and understanding between individuals. It can be used in a wide range of contexts, including personal relationships, professional settings, and community building.